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Enugu "The Coal City" State

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Historically Enugu began around the Nike village of Ogui. Nike in the Igbo language means "with strength or power." During the transatlantic slave trade and through slave raiding  Nike people acquired most of their lands. They used slaves for defence by placing slave camps at the edge of their territories so that it was harder for an enemy to access the free citizens. They formed an alliance with the Aro people of Abia State and became part of the Aro Confederacy (1690—1901) which was an Igbo organization that controlled slave trading in the Southern Areas of Nigeria. They also traded with Hausas from the north. The Hausa traders provided horses to the Nike which they used for rituals by the Igbo. Both the Aro and Hausa migrated back and forth to what is now the city of Enugu and were considered foreigners to the area. From being the capital of the Southern Provinces, Enugu became the capital of the Eastern Region (now divided into nine States), the capital of now defunct Federal Republic of Biafra, thereafter, the capital of East Central State, Anambra State, (old) Enugu State, and now the capital of the present Enugu State through a process of state creation and diffusion of administrative authority.

old enugu state

In the late 1800’s coal was discovered in Enugu. The first coal mine in the Enugu located in Udi opened in 1915 but was closed and replaced with the Iva Valley mine 2 years later. At the time Enugu was the only significant coal producer in West Africa. 

The area now known as the Government Reserved Area (GRA) became the European Quarters located north of the Ogbete River; alongside this was a section developed for African residents located south of the river. The built-up area of Enugu comprised these two areas, and by 1917 the city officially gained township status. On the African side of the city a rapid influx of migrant workers sparked the development of squatter camps on the Udi Hills near the coal mines and the Iva Valley.

The discovery of the solid mineral and subsequent construction of a railway line linking  the Enugu coal fields with the sea port in Port Harcourt for export was at the time a major reason for the permanent urbanization of Enugu State. It became the seat of power for the then Eastern Zone at a time when Nigeria was divided into 3 regions and power was distributed regionally instead of in a federal/state partnership as exists today. And played an integral part in the Nigeria/Biafra civil war.



modern enugu state

Enugu as it currently exists is an inland state in southeastern Nigeria. Created in 1991 from old Anambra State its capital is also Enugu city. The name Enugu means (Top of the Hill), it is known as the oldest urban area in Igbo land.  In Enugu state the key cities are Enugu the capital, Nsukka the home of the world famous University of Nigeria, Udi the location of Enugu coal mines and  Agbani a newly developed center clustered with Universities and Oji River the heart of power generation in the South East of Nigeria.



Enugu shares a border with Abia State and Imo State to the south, Ebonyi State to the east, Benue State to the northeast, Kogi State to the northwest and Anambra State to the west. The capital city of is approximately 2½ driving hours away from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, where coal shipments exited Nigeria. Enugu is also located about an hour's drive from Onitsha, one of the biggest commercial cities in Africa and 2 hours drive from Aba, another large commercial city, both of which are trading centers in Nigeria. Its is about 7,161 km2 (2,765 sq mi) and is the 29th largest state in the country.


governor sullivan chime

The State Government and the Local Government are the two levels of government in Enugu State and in all other states of Nigeria. Sullivan Chime elected in 2007 is the current Governor. Below the governor are commissioners who he has placed as heads of ministries that oversee various portfolios such as Health and Housing.

There are 17 Local Government Areas in Enugu State headed by Local Government Chairmen, Councillor also exist for wards and there are still Monarchs in each community but their power is based on influence and tradition. The Local government areas are Aninri, Awgu, Enugu East, Enugu North, Enugu South, Ezeagu, Igbo Etiti, Igbo Eze North, Igbo Eze South, Isi Uzo, Nkanu East, Nkanu West, Nsukka, Oji River, Udenu, Udi, Uzo Uwani



ogbete main market with people

Enugu is home to the Igbo people, one of the 3 major ethnicities in Nigeria. These native people are know for their industrious nature and nack for trading and entreprenuership. They are hospitable and a reasonable majority speak both the native tongue (Ibo) and English. Enugu is also populated by many foreigners of Western, Arabic, African and Asian descent. It is also populated by many other tribes of the country.

The major population break down in order of majority is:

Enugu natives, Anambra, Other Igbo, People of South South Nigeria, Northerners, Other African Nationals, Asians, Whites and Arabians.



Natural attractions are God endowed creations like: Caves, rock shelter, hills, mountains, Lakes etc.


Millken Hill:

These hills are found at Ngwo in Enugu North LGA, they are hundreds of metre above sea level, offering beautiful standpoint for a panoramic view of Enugu metropolis, especially at dawn and dusk. The hill was named after one of the earliest colonial administrator in Enugu. The first road into Enugu city winds through the foot of the hill bounded by a deep gully. Underneath the hills are relics of coal mines and its beautiful tunnels. Beneath the milken hills is the Iva valley. The hills are good for mountaineering. However, drivers are advised to drive slowly with caution through the meandering roads.


Awhum Water Fall:

Awhum waterfall is situated at Amaugwe village of Awhum town in Udi Local Government Area.  The waterfall is as a result of massive outcrop of granite rock with water cascading over the top forming a stream. A section of the fall is warm through the season. The fall is 30 meters high and is located close to Awhum Monastery. The water is said to be curative (have healing power) and capable of dispelling evil or satanic forces if and wherever sprinkled. It takes about 45 minutes walk from the parking spot to the fall. 


Opi Lake Complex:

Awhum waterfall is situated at Amaugwe village of Awhum town in Udi Local Government Area.  The waterfall is as a result of massive outcrop of granite rock with water cascading over the top forming a stream. A section of the fall is warm through the season. The fall is 30 meters high and is located close to Awhum Monastery. The water is said to be curative (have healing power) and capable of dispelling evil or satanic forces if and wherever sprinkled. It takes about 45 minutes walk from the parking spot to the fall. 


Ngwo Cave and Waterfall:

The trek to the Ngwo Cave requires navigating our way through the large cluster of trees at the beautiful Ngwo Pine Forest, sharp twists and turns along the stone-paved track, as the route slants downward. The valley floor is tiled by a gently flowing stream of limpid spring waters. A barefooted trek upstream in the water leads into a dark cleft at the end of the valley. A narrow but high opening leads into the crevice and the loud splashing of the waters of the raging crystal clear waters announces your arrival.

The Ngwo Cave have been naturally sculpted in limestone rocks and is bedecked by an enchanting waterfall dropping down from a small opening at the roof of the cave. The fall forms a shallow pool at the cave floor and flows out as a small stream.
Just behind the big mass of rock in which the cave is emplaced, we find more caves carefully tucked into the rock, some within reach and others needing a good climb to access.


Ezeagu Tourist Complex:

The complex is located at the south central pan of the State. It is made up of a waterfall, a three kilometer cave, natural spring and a lake. The complex has a unique beautification due to its natural setting.


Iheneke Lake
This is a tropical lake with maximum density during the warmest season. During the rainy season, the lake cools and then cools further as harmattan advances. It is a lovely place to rest and have relaxation.

Ani Ozalla Lake
The Ani Ozalla Lake and Shrine is a natural lake located at Ozalla in Nkanu West LGA near Enugu where crocodiles which are regarded as goddesses appear from the lake at the command of the chief priest to take offerings from supplicants.

Ogelube Lake
A tropical oligotrophic lake having desmids dominated phytoplankton with maximum density during the warmest season. During the rainy season, the lake cools, phytoplankton declines and dominance shifts to algae other than desmids.

Ugwueme/Udi Hills
The Ugwueme and Udi Hills are hills about hundreds of metres above sea level. These hills are good for mountaineering and landscape admiration points. Underneath the Udi hills are the coal mines. There are also beautiful tunnels for tourist sites.

Silicon Hill
Silicon hill is located near the Nkalagu campus of the Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT) and it has very important mineral deposit called “silicon”. The hill which is more than 300m above sea level and almost half a kilometer long has strong>“silica” an important raw material for the manufacture of glasses. The surrounding environment is very captivating with hills, valleys and plains beautifully wrapped up such that one cannot ignore its breathtaking views and awe inspiring blend.

And much more:

1. Awgu Hills, Awgu Area 
2. Nsukka Hills, Nsukka Area 
3. Udi Hills, Udi Area 
4. Obinofia Ndiuno Lakes, Ezeagu Area: Land still exists in virgin form 
5. Ngebe Lakes, Nkanu Area: Land still exists in virgin form 
6. Attakwu Lake, Nkanu Area 
7. Obanukwu Lake, Nkanu Area 
8. Odoro Lake, Oji-River 
9. Nyaba Sand Beach, Attakwu, Nkanu 
10. Obinofia Ndiuno Caves, Ezeagu Area: 3km of caves about 3000 years old 
11. Odor-Ugwu Cave, Ezeagu Area 
12. Ogba Umuogubi Cave, Ezeagu Area 
13. Ogbo Gwoo Gwoo Cave, Ezeagu 
14. Ogba Ihunekweagu, Akpugo, Nkanu 
15. Inyi Chine Cave, Udi 
16. Isu Awaa Cave, Awgu 
17. Odoro Caves, Oji-River Area 
18. Ogba Agana Cave, Ezeagu



Night Life and Social Entertainment in Enugu

Nightlife in Enugu is Very enjoyable for those that enjoy night outings; there are a number of joints, Sit outs and Nightclubs available for night entertainment. Most Night Clubs in Enugu Run on the weekends (Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays) and lots of nightlife lovers look forward for the clubs.

Everyday in Enugu is a Celebration, people hang out at wine bars and joints, where they drinkn eat and have fun with friends and family. There is never a doll moment in Enugu state, people work in the day and at night its a celebration, the State Enugu is known for celebration, every single day is celebrated in Enugu.

There are Taxi's, , for easy movement at night in Enugu. In as much as we want you to enjoy your night in Enugu, we still advice people to stay out of dark and lonely areas at night for security purposes.

Are you thinking of where to enjoy a perfect night entertainment? Enugu State is the place to be.

Night clubs in Enugu

  • Afro Lounge
  • 380 Night Club
  • Grand Rivera Night Club
  • Bar Code Night Club
  • Grand Cave Night Club
  • Villa Toscana Night Club


Other Entertainment

Out side of Night life there are alot of other things to do in Enugu, life, eat, shop and play.

Places to eat in Enugu.

  • Shoprite Mall food court
  • New Berries Park
  • Brifina Bush Bar - Open bar, ideal for watch live telecasts and relaxing.
  • Crunches - Fast Food, main attraction is the comfortable environment.
  • Golden Toast - Know for their baked goods, they also offer a regular fast food menu.
  • Feelinn station - Restaurant offering a mixture of local and fast food dishes, option of sit in or outdoors.
  • Zeez Resturant & Garden
  • Bush Bar
  • Crown Guest House Garden


Places to hang-out in Enugu.

  • Michael Okpara square - A public park built in honor a former Governor.
  • Genesis Cinema - Movie theatre inside Polo park mall.
  • Polo Park Mall
  • Nike Lake Resort
  • New Berries Park
  • Blue island Sitout (Blue Island Hotel)
  • Villa Toscana Sitout (villa Toscana Hotel)
  • Neocourt pool Side & Bar(neocourt Hotel)
  • Cube10
  • 8 Hours sit-out
  • Feelinn station
  • Zeez Resturant & Garden
  • Bush Bar
  • Crown Guest House Garden


Places to shop in Enugu.

  • Polo Park Mall
  • Roban Stores (Supermarket)
  • Eastern Shop
  • Ogbete Market - Offers everything imaginable.


Other activities in Enugu.

  • Movies - Genesis Cinema inside Polo Park Mall
  • Museum of National Unity Enugu
  • ---Natural and other attractions are in the preceeding tab menu title attractions----


Ogbete Main Market

ogbete main market with people

This is the premier market in Enugu and it is one of the largest markets in West Africa. Here you can find just about anything imaginable. It features areas for Food items, Electronics, Fashion, Cosmetics, Art, Books and much much more. Literally anything you want is here.

The market is a big crowded and haggling (negotiation) is necessary as prices are not set. It is located in the heart of Enugu off Okpara Avenue and can be accessed by Bus, Cab (Taxi), Okada (commercial motocycle transportation)and personal vehicles.

It offer the best prices if you can negotiate well and the best sampling of Nigeria market traditions.


Polo Park Mall

Polo Park Mall is situated on the former Polo Park Grounds in the city of Enugu, Enugu State. The mall was developed by a private-public-partnership between the Enugu State Government and Persianas Group. It is part of Enugu's plan of achieving mega city status, provide employment for its citizens and give residents a modern shopping experience

It features a Shoprite (Supermarket), Game (Department store), Samsung, Fine Brothers etc (Electronics), Genesis Cinema, A Food Court, Plus, Fashions stores (Levi etc), Jewellers and much much more.

It open in 2011 and is located of Okpara Avenue, in the Heart of Enugu, it has ample parking, and the environment is spacious and astethically pleasing.

Other Shopping Options Are:

  • Roban Stores (Supermarket)
  • Eastern Shop (Supermarket)
  • Kenyetta Market (Building Material and Books)
  • Mayor Market (Groceries and food stock)
  • Artisan Market (Livestock)
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Updated 6 Years ago

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