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Discovering Africa – The Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Game Reserve

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The chip Hluhluwe-Umfolozi is a fleet of 96 000 ha located in South Africa. It is the oldest and one of the largest in South Africa. Less touristy than the Kruger National Park, it is the meeting of two reserves: Hluhluwe-Umfolozi and the names of two rivers running through it. Proclaimed national reserve in 1950 for rhino conservation to prevent its extinction, the Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Game Reserve is now home to nearly 90% of the world’s rhino population.

The Hluhluwe-Umfolozi was originally the royal hunting ground of the Zulu people. The park was declared a national reserve in 1985. This large reserve was originally created to protect the last remaining populations of white rhino in southern Africa and the black rhino. The region has always been a refuge for animals such as the tsetse fly with the nagana (infectious disease of horses and cattle in tropical Africa). The advantage of this fly was the area where it was found deserted automatically by colonial hunters. Later the arrival of European farmers and their pesticides had eradicated the danger of the tsetse fly. The arrival of farmers also brought a lot of grief. And nearly 100,000 animals were slaughtered or poisoned by DDT until 1945.

In April 1995, the park was visited by President Nelson Mandela who specially came to celebrate the centenary of the park and his visits remained historical.

The Hluhluwe-Umfolozi hosts on his land the Big Five are in the tradition of the great African safaris, the 5 most powerful animals, including such great hunters Hemingway dreamed of having the trophy lion, leopard, elephant, rhino and buffalo.

Today, there are about 1,600 white rhinos and 370 black rhinos (an impressive number which means that you are very likely to see one or two species during your stay).

The chip Hluhluwe-Umfolozi reserve is also a multitude of other endangered animals such as the Nile crocodile, hippo, blue wildebeest, jackal, giraffe, zebra, mongoose, nyala, eland, kudu, impala, duiker, warthog, and baboon, a variety of turtles, snakes and lizards.

The chip is a hilly park destination that houses 340 species of birds. Can be seen in the reserve for birds such as the gray heron, the Stork, Walberg’s eagle, francolin Shelley, Black-bellied bustard, the Temminck’s, the cuckoo Klaas, the nest dwarf Crested Barbet and barbican .

Reserve Hluhluwe-Umfolozi is home to rhino conservation for the reproduction of the species. The rhino population has increased from less than 20 in 1900 to over 10,000 today. Since the beginning of Operation Rhino in 1960, more than 10,000 white rhinos were transferred worldwide.

Article Credit: Ventures-africa

Updated 4 Years ago

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Tags:     Hluhluwe-Umfolozi     South Africa     Kruger National Park     President Nelson Mandela