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Niger State, Nigeria ( Overview, History and Summary Information )

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Niger State, Nigeria

Niger State
—  State  —
Nickname(s): The Power State
Location of Niger State in Nigeria
Gurara Falls, a waterfall along the Gurara River in Niger State
Coordinates: 10°00′N 6°00′E / 10°N 6°ECoordinates10°00′N 6°00′E / 10°N 6°E
Country Nigeria
Date created3 February 1976
 - Governor
Mu'azu Babangida Aliyu (PDP)
 - Senators 
 - Representatives 
 - Total
 76,363 km2 (29,483.9 sq mi)
Area rank1st of 36
Population (1991 census)
 - Total2,482,367
 - Estimate (2005)4,082,558
 - Rank18th of 36
 Density32.5/km2 (84.2/sq mi)
 - Year
 - Total$6.00 billion
 - Per capita$1,480[1]
Time zoneWAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 codeNG-NI

Niger State is a state in the western part of Nigeria and the largest state in the country. The state capital is Minna, and other major cities are Bida, Kontagora, and Suleja. It was formed in 1976 when the then North-Western State was bifurcated into Niger State and Sokoto State. The state is named for the River Niger. Two of Nigeria's major hydroelectric power stations, the Kainji Dam and the Shiroro Dam, are located in Niger State; also situated there is Kainji National Park, the largest National Park of Nigeria, which contains Kainji Lake, the Borgu Game Reserve and the Zugurma Game Reserve.


Like the majority of Nigerian states, it is governed by a Governor and a House of Assembly. Under the administration of Mu'azu Babangida Aliyu on January 13, 2007, the state has adopted sharia law as the code of law, even though the population of the state has been historically evenly divided between Muslims and Christians.

Administrative subdivisions

Niger State is divided into 25 Local Government Areas.

  • Agaie
  • Agwara
  • Bida
  • Borgu
  • Bosso
  • Chanchaga
  • Edati
  • Gbako
  • Gurara
  • Katcha
  • Kontagora
  • Lapai
  • Lavun
  • Magama
  • Mariga
  • Mashegu
  • Mokwa
  • Munya
  • Paikoro
  • Rafi
  • Rijau
  • Shiroro
  • Suleja
  • Tafa
  • Wushishi


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