To Get Personalised contents and be able to add items to your favourites, please Sign In or Sign Up          

Abia State – “God’s Own State”

Encyclopedia » Places



History and population

Abia State was carved out of the former Imo State in 1991. The name "Abia" is an abbreviation of four of the state's densely populated regions Aba, Bende, Isuikwuato, and Afikpo.[5] It is one of the thirty-six (36) States that constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Abia people are of the Igbo ethnic group who predominates much of the Southeastern part of Nigeria. Their traditional language is Igbo. English is widely spoken and serves as the official language in governance and business. Abia's 2.4mm people are mainly Christians.

By the projection of the National Bureau of Statistics, based on the 1991 census figure of 1.19 million, Abia State was expected to have a population of 3.51 million. In 2006 the National Population Commission allocated 2,833,999 as the population of Abia State.

This figure is being contested at the population tribunal. The basis being that the survey carried out in Aba showed that Aba alone has more than 1.5 million houses. Taking each building to house 4 persons, (a conservative figure), it means that Aba alone has the population of at the least 6.0 million. When the other towns and communities are put into consideration, then Abia is well over 10 million.



The State Government is led by a democratically-elected executive Governor who works closely with an elected State House Assembly. The capital city is Umuahia. There are Seventeen (17) local government areas (LGAs).

In 1999 Nigeria became a democracy, and Orji Uzor Kalu contested on the platform of the People's Democratic Party (PDP) and won the Governorship election in Abia State. Consequently he was sworn-in on 29 May 1999. In 2003, when it was time for fresh elections, Kalu re-contested on the platform of the PDP and got a second mandate to govern. (The Constitution of Nigeria limits Governors to two terms in office.)Theodore Orji (PPA) defeated Onyema Ugochukwu (PDP) in the 2007 general elections to become Abia's next Governor.In 2011, Theodore Orji decamped from PPA to the PDP and was re-elected for another four-year tenure.

Abia State has 17 local government areas (LGAs). They are:
  • Aba North
  • Aba South
  • Arochukwu
  • Bende
  • Ikwuano
  • Isiala Ngwa North
  • Isiala Ngwa South
  • Isuikwuato
  • Obi Ngwa
  • Ohafia
  • Osisioma Ngwa
  • Ugwunagbo
  • Ukwa East
  • Ukwa West
  • Umuahia North
  • Umuahia South
  • Umu Nneochi


Abia State, which occupies about 5,834 square kilometers, is bounded on the north and northeast by the states of Anambra, Enugu, and Ebonyi. To the west of Abia is Imo State, to the east and southeast are Cross River State and Akwa Ibom State, and to the south is Rivers State. The southern part of the State lies within the riverine part of Nigeria. It is low-lying with a heavy rainfall of about 2400 mm/year especially intense between the months of April through October. The rest of the State is moderately high plain. The most important rivers in Abia State are the Imo and Aba Rivers which flow into the Atlantic Oceanthrough the Niger Delta.


Theodore Orji- Governor

Infrastructure and economy

Crude oil and gas production is a prominent activity, as it contributes to 39% of the GDP.[7] Representing 27% of the GDP,[7] agriculture, which employs 70%[7] of the state workforce, is the second economic sector of Abia. With its adequate seasonal rainfall, Abia has much arable land that produces yams, maize,potatoes, rice, cashews, plantains, and cassava. Abia also has large crude oil deposits. The manufacturing sector only accounts for 2% of the GDP.[7]

University and Colleges

There are three universities in the state: the federally owned Michael Okpara University of Agriculture at Umudike and the state-owned Abia State University inUturu and the Gregory University Uturu (Privately owned). There are two tertiary hospitals, the Federal Medical Center in Umuahia and the Abia State University Teaching Hospital in Aba, which serve as referral hospitals in the State. The Abia State Polytechnic is also in the city of Aba. There are two major power plants in Abia, The Alaoji Power plant and the Geometric Power plant. Abia is one of the most peaceful states in Nigeria and has been a "haven" forforeign investors. The state's population has grown rapidly since its creation.


There are two seasons in the year, namely: the rainy season and the dry season. The rainy season begins in March and ends in October with a break in August usually referred to as the “little dry season.” The dry season which lasts for four months begins in November. Heavy thunderstorm are characteristic of the onset of the rainy season.

The total rainfall decreases from 2200mm in the ie south to 1900mm in the north. The hottest months as are January to March when the mean temperature ts is above 27°C. The relative humidity is usually high throughout the year, reaching a maximum during the rainy season when values above ninety per cent are recorded.



National War Museum, Umuahia
Commissioned in 1985, the museum which is located at Ebite Amafor in Isingwu Autonomous community in Umuahia North LGA, occupies a large area of land surrounded by undulating hills. The museum has three galleries; traditional warfare, the armed forces and the Nigerian civil war weapon galleries. The relics of war being housed in these sections include weapons used during the pre-colonial civil disturbances, imperial warfare materials and those of the Nigerian civil war.

National Museum of Colonial History, Aba
Established in 1984 to showcase Nigeria of colonial era, the museum has collection of Nigeria evolvement as a nation, relics of slave trade, European imperialism, chronology of rulership in Nigeria, rise of nationalism and the attainment of independence. The historical museum is served with good road network, telephones restaurants and hotels in Aba.


Arochukwu Cave
Arochukwu cave is very dark inside with many outlets, some of which are about a hundred yards away from the main entrance. During the slave trade era, this shrine was used for consultative purposes and as a court of law. In the cave are the destiny gate, a flowing stream (Iyi-eke), the gate of no return and a spring through which victims were sold into slavery.


Museum of Antiquities, Ujari
Located in Arochukwu, the museum is under the National War Museum and it houses many items, some of which were collected through trade by barter and war. The items found in this museum are relics of the slave trade, a big bell of 1892, ancient chandeliers, canons, metal gongs, handcuffs, basins, buckets, brass plates, silver plates etc. Also found in the museum is the Iyama Afia Shrine and the grave of Mazi Ogbuji Okoro Oji the original founder and owner of the museum.


Azumini Blue River
Located in Azumini town, Ukwa East LGA, the river is a sparkling blue river which is surrounded by fine sands and glassy stones. By the river banks are beautiful beaches which provide pleasant places for leisure, fishing, boating, yachting and skiing. There are relaxation facilities as chairs and tables. At the beach, barbeque grills are delicacies provided for picnickers. The river is about thirty minutes drive from Aba through Enugu – Port-Harcourt expressway.


Akwete Weavers 
Akwete is a small town in Ukwa-East LGA and about 25 minutes drive from Aba through Enugu – Port-Harcourt expressway. The town is known for its specialty in the production of Akwete cloth using fabricated handlooms. This native cloth has beautiful designs made from various materials as cotton, silk etc. The cloth is used in making assorted styles of wears and souvenirs item like caps, head-gears, hand bags, shoes etc.


Other attractions
Hilltop Hotel, Pankshin (Man-made)
Kerang Volcanic Mountain (Physical)
Kerang Volcanic Sites (Physical)
Pundong Crater (Physical)
Amurum Woodlands (Wildlife/Eco-tourism)



Aba Central Market
This is an international market where goods of all kinds are manufactured and sold. It is one of the largest markets in Nigeria.

Updated 3 Years ago

Find Us On Facebook

Tags:     Abia State- God's Own State     Nigeria     Southeastern Nigeria     South-east     Place